The term Artificial intelligence and Machine learning has been the buzzword for the past few years, for instance, Google Executives including CEO Sundar Pichai used the word ” AI” for at least 150 times during a 2-hour Google I/O 2023 Keynote announcement. To substantiate the same, PwC published a report titled “PwC’s Global Artificial Intelligence Study: Sizing the Prize” published in 2017 predicts that AI could contribute up to $15.7 trillion to the global economy. To keep pace with this rapid development, preserve consumer privacy, and ensure robust data protection, various regulatory authorities have released whitepapers and regulations to articulate compliance mandates for organizations aiming to efficiently use artificial intelligence and machine learning technologies without violating core data protection and privacy rights.

To catch up with the compliance trend, the Indian government after 5 years of several rounds of consultation, finally passed a comprehensive legislation for Data Protection titled “Digital Personal Data Protection Act 2023” and the act has mandated several mandatory compliance requirements for companies operating and providing services in India. In addition to the compliance requirements under the DPDP Act, Honorable Indian IT Minister Rajeev Chandrasekhar mentioned during a press conference that several data protection rules (as most of the provisions in the act left the scope of compliance procedures to be guided by delegated legislations) will be released by mid-October 2023. He notifies that the maximum grace period for compliance will not exceed 12 months.

The impact of Digital Personal Data Protection Act 2023 on Artificial Intelligence and Machine Learning:

According to a study report conducted by Boston Consulting Group in collaboration with IIT-A titled ” AI in India — A Strategic Necessity” founds that incorporating and adopting Artificial Intelligence could potentially add up to 1.4% to the annual real GDP growth of India and further quantitatively depicts the increased research in the field of AI development in India and founds that the Private investment in Research and Development relating to AI technologies in India was approximately about 642 million USD which depicts the acceleration of AI investments in the country.

The newly enacted DPDP act does not explicitly mention anything about Artificial Intelligence, but the core principle and preamble of the act is to recognize the rights of individuals and to protect their data by mandating the act of permitting processing of such personal data for lawful purposes only. The core functioning of Artificial intelligence and Machine learning models is based on the collection of vast amounts of data. To be precise, the training of AI systems entirely depends upon the data collection, and the presence of a vast amount of data set is essential for determining the success or failure of a Machine learning Algorithm. Even the definition of the term ‘Machine learning’ by IBM states that “ML is a branch of AI and computer science that focuses on the use of data and Algorithms to imitate how humans learn and improve its accuracy.

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